19th Century Scenarios

This section contains scenarios covering 19th Century Scenarios, excluding Napoleonic and American Civil War battles, for use with the Volley & Bayonet Rules.

Palo Alto, 8th May 1846

War with Mexico! First clash of the Mexican War along the Rio Grande between the forces of the United States and the Republic of Mexico. General Taylor moved quickly to convert the Army of Observation to the Army of Occupation by moving into the disputed territory in early March 1846. He reached Port Isabel on the Gulf of Mexico later in the month. Then moving to the Rio Grande, opposite the Mexican city of Matamoros, where Major General Mariano Arista and the Army of the North waited. The scenario can be found here.

Kaplona, 26th-27th February 1849

Set during the Hungarian War of Independence, the Hungarians, driven out their capital, spend the winter building their army. By February they have a numerical superiority in the western theatre, 35,000 to the Austrian’s 30,000. Now they have to bring their numbers to bear and free their capital. However, they are preempted by the Austrians. The scenario can be found here

Isaszag, 6th April 1849

The Hungarian general, Athur Gorgei, launches the Hungarian’s first offensive, attempting to outflank the Austrian army. The original plan is spoiled by chance, but on April 6th, Gorgei brings the entire army to bear on just two of the Austrian Corps. The scenario can be found here.

Nagy-Sarlo, 19th April 1849

General Arthur Görgey, previously a lieutenant in the Hapsburg army, has been instrumental in the Hungarian revival. In April 1849, he now commanded an army of three corps in an offensive with two objectives. The first was to relieve the fortress of Komorn, and second to engage and destroy the Hapsburg army of Windischgrätz. The scenario can be found here.

Pered, 20th-21st June 1849

The Russians have entered the war and the Hungarians have only a short time to dispatch the Austrians before the Russians overwhelm them. Gorgei attacks the Austrians, bringing three corps against the Austrian IV Korps. Unknowst to the Hungarians, the Russian 9th division is on the scene, ready to aid the Austrians. The scenario can be found here.

Montebello 20th May 1859

The first action of the 1859 Italian Independence War. A column of Austrians made up of elements from several formations was ordered to make a reconnaissance in force westward up the south bank of the River Po. Their task was to ascertain if the French troops assembling at Voghera intended to move to their right and turn the Austrian position using the route Napoleon Bonaparte took in 1796. The resulting action at Montebello saw a large but ill co-ordinated Austrian force advancing to clear a small but much more highly motivated and better equipped French force out of a number of hillside villages. The scenario can be found here.

Palestro 31st May 1859

On the morning of 30th May, the Italians cross the Sesia river, and after some hard fight they were able to take control of Palestro, Confienza and Vinzaglio. The next day, to test the true intentions of the enemy, Feldmarschall Fredrick Zobel was ordered to attack the village of Palestro with his two infantry divisions. The scenario can be found here.

Magenta, 4th June 1859

Napoleon III’s army crossed the Ticino River and outflanked the Austrian right forcing the Austrian army under General Gyulay to retreat. The close nature of the country, a vast spread of orchards cut up by streams and irrigation canals, precluded elaborate maneuver. The Austrians had turned every house into a miniature fortress. The scenario can be found here.

Solferino, 24th June 1859

The confrontation was between the Austrians on one side, versus the French and Piedmontese forces who opposed their advance. The Austrians were retreating eastwards after their defeat at the Battle of Magenta. In the morning of 23 June, after the arrival of emperor Franz Joseph, they changed direction to counterattack along the river Chiese. At the same time, Napoleon III ordered his troops to advance, causing the battle to occur in an unpredicted location. While the Piedmontese fought the Austrian right wing near San Martino, the French battled to the south of them near Solferino against the main Austrian corps. The scenario can be found here.

Obersee, 6th February 1864

The Danish army during the Second Schleswig War, falling back on the fortified town of Flensburg, left a small rearguard on the road from Obersee (Overso). An Austrian brigade, advancing along the line of the road and over the Treene brook, attempted to throw it aside and push through. The scenario can be found here.

Nachod, 27th June 1866

In the early morning darkness of 27th June, Prussian V Corps of Second Army under General der Infanterie von Steinmetz advanced through the almost undefended frontier town of Nachod and began to debouch from the Methau valley. The scenario can be found here.

Oswiecim Station, 27th June 1866

This action took place on the same day as the battle of Nachod. The Prussians attempt to secure a rail head to deny it as a supply line for the enemy on the northern Austrian Galician-Moravian borders on the shores of Lake Sola in what is now modern Poland. The scenario can be found here.

Wissembourg 4th August 1870

This bloody little battle opening the Franco-Prussian War saw the unsupported division of Genl Douay of I Corps, with some attached cavalry, which was posted to watch the border, attacked in overwhelming but poorly co-ordinated strength by German 3rd Army. As the day wore on elements of one Bavarian and two Prussian Corps became embroiled in the fight which was notable by the complete lack of higher direction by the Prussians and blind offensive haste by their low level officers 4th August 1870. The scenario can be found here.

Spicheren 6th August 1870

A confused and bloody action which saw the disorganised elements of two German armies (First and Second) shake themselves out of a traffic jam north of the Saar and break like a stormy sea against the French II Corps of General Frossard which had entrenched itself on the precipitous Rotherberg Height overlooking the Franco-German border. The Germans won the day at the cost of several thousand killed and wounded but the defeat is generally thought to have been caused by the lack of support that Frossard received from elements of French III Corps (Bazaine) some divisions of which were no more than 4 miles away. The scenario can be found here.

Froeschwiller, 6th August 1870

Fought simultaneously with Spicheren, this encounter battle pitched the highly motivated Third Army, victorious at Wissembourg two days previously against the finest corps of the French army – MacMahon’s 1st. The French held their ground all day until finally pushed back by great weight of numbers and savage German artillery fire. Once again nearby French troops failed to move in support; a division of Failly’s 5th Corps arrived in the evening just in time to cover the retreat but too late to save the day. The scenario can be found here.

Borny-Colombey, 14th August 1870

Bazaine’s French army had begun a congested retreat through Metz. The III and IV Corps were covering the withdrawl East of the fortress city. Although First Army commander Steinmetz had orders to avoid engaging the enemy, one of his brigadiers, von Goltz, decided to stop the French. The unplanned battle that followed represented one of the few times during the war where the French outnumbered the Prussians on the battlefield. The scenario can be found here.

Mars La Tour, 16th August 1870

During the first four weeks of the Franco-Prussian War, there was one day one single day when the French were presented with the opportunity of defeating indeed of destroying the chief instrument of the German military machine, and of making good their escape. Whether that would have influenced the final course of the war is a matter for speculation. What is certain beyond argument is that the war and with it the future of Europe was decided at Mars-la-Tour on 16th August 1870. The scenario can be found here.